Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. It is characterized by flaky debris at the eyelash bases. Blepharitis usually causes redness of the eyes and itching and irritation of the eyelids in both eyes. Its appearance is often confused with conjunctivitis and due to its recurring nature it is the most common cause of "recurrent conjunctivitis" in older people. It is also often treated as 'dry eye' by patients due to the gritty sensation it may give the eyes - although lubricating drops do little to improve the condition.
Many forms of treatment will improve blepharitis, including both antibiotic or steroid eye drops, and certain oral antibiotics. Unfortunately it will usually recur when any treatment is ceased. Most doctors will therefore recommend a regime of daily eyelid cleaning which is both effective and can be continued safely long-term. Such a regime needs to be convenient enough to be continued lifelong, otherwise the cleaning will stop when symptoms subside. Therefore simply cleaning the eyelids with a face cloth during every bath or shower may be a good system for a sufferer to adopt. Using dilute baby shampoo to assist with this is often advised, although probably the most important factor is the mechanical clearance of discharge from the eyelid meibomian glands. Massaging the eyelids firmly during cleaning helps this.
Dermatologists treat blepharitis similarly to seborrheic dermatitis by using safe topical anti-inflammatory medication like sulfacetamide or brief courses of a mild topical steroid. Although anti-fungals like ketoconazole (Nizoral) are commonly prescribed for seborrheic dermatitis, dermatologists and optometrists usually do not prescribe anti-fungals for seborrheic blepharitis.
One home remedy that has proved to be effective is: when the condition first starts, apply a peeled clove of garlic to the affected area. Hold the garlic in place with an eye patch for approximately 2 hours.